Hormonal issues

Hormonal issues

While spending your busy life and overcoming the stresses of study, employment, or family matters; you may feel mentally and physically disturbed. Behind this emotional and physically irritated state; the responsible cause can be an imbalance in hormones. It is quite important here to understand hormones and their functions in our body before proceeding to the issues which arise from their imbalance.

What are hormones?

Hormones are chemical compounds that are produced by glands (organs that secrete substances) in our bodies. Every gland produces one or more hormones that travel through the bloodstream to signal another gland for producing other hormones or to act upon the target tissues. The hormones are responsible to control various body functions. This chemical messenger system is called the endocrine system

What is the role of hormones in our body?

Hormones act as a messenger to tell various body organs to perform their function. They regulate different body functions like;

  • Digestion of food
  • Control blood pressure
  • Regulate the production of insulin
  • Control brain functions like mood and behavior
  • Regulate body temperature
  • Regulate reproductive functions
  • Enhance fertility
  • Maintain sexual functions
  • Maintain growth of the body

What is the hormonal imbalance?

As the endocrine system is a feedback loop system; one hormone signals the production of another hormone. Changes in the concentration of one hormone affect the production of the other. A hormonal imbalance occurs when there is not enough concentration of a hormone produced or there is too much production. This imbalance is the reason behind various health issues in men and women. It includes depression, mood changes, metabolic issues, reproductive issues, decreased sexual functions, and fertility.

Hormone levels keep on fluctuating throughout the life of a female with respect to her age but their abnormal concentrations give rise to various health issues. In females, hormonal imbalance majorly affects reproductive functions. Two major hormones, progesterone, and estrogen which are if imbalanced; can disturb the whole reproductive functions. The health issues which arise after their imbalance includes the following:

Irregular menstruation

Menstruation is a condition when a female sheds the inner lining of her uterus. It occurs in 21 to 35 days from the previous menstrual cycle. If they do not come in these days or for few months, it can be a sign of hormonal imbalance. Irregular periods indicate some issue in the normal reproductive functions derived by hormones.

Cause: Hyperthyroidism (excessive production of thyroid hormone) or abnormal levels of estrogen are the reason behind irregular or skipped periods.


Poly Cystic Ovary Syndrome is a condition in which a female does not ovulate regularly or completely. The size of the ovaries increases and a large number of follicles grow which do not reach maturity. The released follicle is small in size to conceive. Its symptoms include Irregular menstruation and infertility.

Cause: Additional production of luteinizing hormone LH causes excessive production of testosterone in ovaries which hinder the normal production of follicles. This hormonal imbalance disturbs normal menstruation.


Infertility is the inability of a female to conceive a baby in at least one year. There are several reasons behind female infertility like PCOS, irregular menstruation, and no menstruation at all.

Cause: Hormonal imbalance is the root cause of infertility. An insufficient amount of luteinizing hormone may release an immature follicle and a low amount of progesterone fails to establish the inner lining of the uterus to implant an embryo. Abnormally higher levels of progesterone stop ovulation thus reduce fertility.

Heavy periods/Menorrhagia

Heavy periods include excessive bleeding behind a normal range for more than seven days. Menorrhagia is common among females and it indicates hormonal imbalance.

Cause: Hypothyroidism or underactive thyroid gland fails to activate the reproductive hormones normally. Excessive levels of progesterone cause endometrial build-up or growth outside the uterus which leads to heavy menstruation.

Painful periods/Dysmenorrhea

In Dysmenorrhea, a female suffers from severe cramps and pain in the lower abdomen and thighs. The condition may worsen with age and affects her routine life during menstruation.

Cause: Abnormal levels of estrogen and progesterone directly fluctuates endometrial growth, ovarian cysts, and regular menstruation. Higher levels of estrogen may derive abdominal cramps and heavy bleeding.

Sleep problems

Hormonal imbalance is the biggest reason behind insomnia and sleep problems. Females mostly suffer insomnia around their menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause due to a rise fall in hormones especially progesterone.

Cause: Fluctuations in thyroid hormone production are transferred in a series to alter the production of estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone. Progesterone is a neurosteroid that regulates brain functions and helps to improve the sleep cycle.

Weight gain

If you are gaining weight without any explained reason, there can be a change in your hormones which is triggering fat accumulation. Conditions like PCOS enhance fat accumulation around the lower abdomen and develop insulin resistance. Obesity enhances the chances of infertility and irregular menstruation cycles.

Cause: A form of estrogen called “estradiol” is responsible to regulate various metabolic functions. Its lower levels trigger weight gain around thighs and hips.

What are the causes of hormonal imbalance in women?

Hormones in females keep on fluctuating normally around menopause, menstruation, pregnancy, and puberty. Symptoms of their fluctuation arise in these conditions but disappear when they go to their normal concentrations. Sometimes, these hormones do not remain in their normal concentrations and affect normal reproductive and metabolic health. The reasons behind their imbalance can be:

External factors

  • Stress

External factors which can disrupt normal hormonal balance include majorly “stress”. If you are the victim of stress for a long time, your body starts producing excessive levels of “Cortisol” which disturbs the balance between other hormones too.

  • Medication

Some medicines are also involved to create a change in normal hormone levels. These medicines include birth control pills which contain hormone stimulants to prevent ovulation. They can stop menstruation or can cause heavy bleeding also.

  • Eating disorders

Eating disorders like Anorexia nervosa affects hormones that derive normal metabolic functions. The variance in these hormones disturbs the concentration of other reproductive hormones.

Internal reason

  • Thyroid issues

Due to certain health conditions like tumors, long-term medication, and autoimmune diseases, the affected thyroid gland produces more or fewer amounts of thyroid hormone which triggers the change in concentration of other hormones.

Treatment of hormonal issues

Though complicated; but it is not impossible to treat hormonal issues in females. It requires medicines as well as the effort of a female herself to exclude external factors like irregular eating and stress. Herbal medicines have proven successful to treat hormonal issues in females and resolve related health complications.

Being an online herbal medicine supplier, Herbo Natural has gained the trust of its clients by selling top-quality genuine herbal products. A number of satisfied clients are proof of our quality medicines.

Vitex capsules

Vitex is the medicine made purely from the extract of vitex agnus-castus herb berries. It is recommended to treat health complications that arise due to hormonal imbalance in females. These conditions include Irregular or no menstruation, heavy periods, PCOS, uterine fibroids, and infertility. Vitex has been used for years to treat these conditions successfully.

Dosage: Treating hormonal issues is not single-dose magic, it needs time. It is the reason, vitex is recommended for about 3 to 4 consecutive cycles. Dosage includes two capsules daily in the morning with water on an empty stomach.

How does vitex capsule work?

Vitex enhances the production of progesterone, essential to maintain ovarian health and uterine wall. Progesterone also supports pregnancy in females. Vitex balances Prolactin levels in the female body and lowers high estrogen. This helps to ovulate a female regularly, thus boosting fertility and curing PCOS.

Side effects: Vitex is a herbal medicine that has no side effects. It is recommended to use with the opinion of a herbalist or health professional if you have any other health complications too.

Other treatment

But if you are not facing a disturbed menstrual cycle then better to use other products for hormonal issues like maca root, ovuline capsulesroyal jelly capsules, ashwagandha capsules, or any two in combination along with spearmint tea. For leucorrhea, ashwagandha and spearmint tea is an ultimate treatment. Maca root and spearmint tea is best for hair fall, hirsutism, thyroid, stress, and low sexual desire due to hormonal issues. For painful periods, maca root, vitex, ovuline capsules are the best treatments.

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